Self-Control, the forgotten virtue…


The individualism of American life, to our glory and despair, creates anger and encourages its release; for when everything is possible, limitations are irksome. When the desires of the self come first, the needs of others are annoying. When we think we deserve it all, reaping only a portion can enrage. – Carol Tavris; Anger, the Misunderstood Emotion

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We live in a time and a place like no other in history. Instant gratification has become so much the norm that the idea of waiting or even simply not getting what we want at all seems unfair and even arbitrary. Everything is getting faster and more powerful. This computer is magnitudes faster and more powerful than anything that came before it and excruciatingly slower than anything currently on sale at my local Best Buy up the street.

Faster, higher, stronger, is the motto of the modern Olympic Games. As a society we can add, richer, bigger and cooler to the list as well. Democracy and freedom have made it possible, at least in theory, for everyone to always get what they want out of life. It’s when that theory is proven wrong by experience that most people get angry. They feel cheated or lied to.

I’ve been meditating on the results and causes of this type of anger a lot lately. I recently took part in a biblical study of The Fruits of the Spirit from Galatians 5:22-23, while at the same time reading two books on Anger and Willpower.

But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, forbearance, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control.

Against such things there is no law.

The first book, quoted above, traces the cultural differences in how humans express anger and the ways in which it is used to further our self-interest and to help build or tear down relationships and societies as a whole. The second was by Stanford University Professor, Kelly McGonigal called “The Willpower Instinct; How Self-Control Works, Why it Matters and What you Can Do to Get More of It”.

McGonigal is renowned for her work in the area of psychology known as “science-help”, not to be confused with self-help. Science-help is the study of scientific research as it pertains to achieving personal goals in spite of inner conflict. In short, what happens when our personal goals for our future selves conflict with our immediate desires? It’s this conflict between immediate gratification and the future self that most interests me as a financial coach and author in the field of behavioral economics.

As McGonigal explains there are really three aspects of willpower. Once we set a goal for ourselves we must go through a process of planning and determining which behaviors will be most effective in achieving our goal. It’s a process of elimination as much as it is a process of inclusion. By setting a goal and working towards a certain future outcome we are limiting and eventually eliminating all other possible outcomes with each choice we make along the way. Some of those choices will get us closer to our goal while others will pull us away. As time passes our goal becomes more or less likely as a result of those choices. Through this process we must tap into the power of “I want” (goal), therefore “I won’t” (exclusion) and “I will” (inclusion).

In my line of work most people have a goal of future financial independence, or at least financial security. Contrary to a lot of what people might believe about the job of a financial coach, my job is not to help you set goals, most people are already pretty good at that, my job is to coach you in the thousands of decisions you will make along the way either moving you closer to or further away from your desired future self.

There is a lot of joy in achieving goals but along the way there can also be a lot of sadness, mourning and even occasionally a bit of anger as people wrestle through the choices they’ve made. Each choice we make today either strengthens or weakens the person we will be in the future. Some choices even have the potential to outright kill our future selves.

Willpower and Self-Control are virtues that allow us to function in society, aid in both setting and achieving goals and keep us from descending into unadulterated self-interest, gluttony, anarchy and hedonism. Without Self-Control the Fruits of the Spirit are a list of selfish and narcissistic pursuits that have the potential to explode in destructive anger if they are not satisfied and in the process kill our future selves in an orgy of self-gratification in the name of love, joy and peace, etc.

True love therefore has to include some form of self-control in order to remain other-centered otherwise it is nothing more than a selfish pursuit of more. And that leads eventually to some form of anger. I for one don’t want to live in a society without some form of self-control.

  • So what are your goals?
  • What have you given up to achieve them?
  • How are you exercising self-control today in order to achieve something better in the future?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Best Time to Plant a Tree


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To abstain from the enjoyment which is in our power, or to seek distant rather than immediate results, are among the most powerful exertions of the human will. N. W. Senior 1836

Nassau William Senior, was an English lawyer who also became well known as an economist. His area of legal practice was in what, at the time was known as conveyance. That is the legal transfer of title and property between parties through the granting of an encumbrance such as a mortgage or a lien. In other words Senior was a real-estate lawyer who worked mostly on behalf of banks and other wealthy individuals. It was his job to help those wealthy folks, and their representatives control the flow of property, protect their assets and build wealth by collateralizing physical property and loaning money to others. It was through this work that Senior saw firsthand how difficult it is for some people to control their desires, and delay gratification in order to build wealth and how easy it is for others to exploit those same desires to their own ends.

Senior would have had an intimate understanding of what the writer of Proverbs meant when he wrote;

The rich rule over the poor,
and the borrower is slave to the lender. [Proverbs 22:7]

What Nassau Senior knew to be true in the 19th century was true thousands of years before him and is still true today. What we are talking about here is the ability to display self-discipline.

But it’s more than that.

It’s the inability of some people to put the needs of their future self ahead of their present self. When our present desires trump our future needs we are essentially dealing with a failure of belief in the future and imagination for what that future may hold. When we put our faith in immediate desires we allow others to control our destiny. We borrow money to finance our present and enslave our future selves.

As a financial advisor I see the results of this failure in belief and imagination play out every day. It is my job to help you envision the future.

Consider this – In 2012 the average household income in Ontario was $75,000 per year. After taxes that translates into a take home pay of about $48,000, give or take. In addition the average Canadian carries $27,000 in consumer debt and about $100,000 in mortgage debt. Put in terms of monthly cash-flow that translates to about $4000 a month, $1000 goes to mortgage payments and $650 a month to consumer debt servicing, leaving just $2500 per month for things like, food, household supplies, utilities, insurance and any number of things you can think of.

Savings get pushed way down the list.

In other words the average Canadian has mortgaged their future to pay for the present. Now what if we didn’t have that consumer in debt? $650 a month invested at 8% for 35 years turns into $1.4 million! But since most of us have debt let’s look at it another way: What if we lowered our standard of living by just 10% and invested that? What would $400 per month turn into? Answer: $860,000. Under current legislation that gives our future self an income of $54,000 per year from all sources (Canada Pension Plan, provincial plans and investment income). Can our present self do without 10% to ensure that our future self has enough to live on? I sure hope so.

All this was inspired by my recent viewing of a TED Talk on the relationship between our present and future self by cognitive psychologist, Daniel Goldstein. Check it out here:

https://embed-ssl.ted.com/talks/daniel_goldstein_the_battle_between_your_present_and_future_self.html

And remember –

The best time to plant a tree is twenty years ago, the second best time is now. [African Proverb]